Climate change in Norway means that the weather would become more wetter, warmer and wilder.
“Despite of us fighting against climate change, we are constantly being faced with significant human caused changes, thus we must adapt ourselves living together with these changing conditions. ” said Inderberg. As dealing with climate risks is an important topic in terms of sustainability, it should also be highly integrated with policy development and designing.
According to the Inderbergs` shared Norwegian climate change experience, the weather in Norwey would become warmer, wetter and wilder. The average temperature in Norway has increased 0,8 degrees, by 2100 it might even rise by 4,6 degrees. So far the most affected by the effects of climate change are the coastal areas. By 2100 the sea level in Norway is expected to rise 70 cm at west coast and 60 cm at north coast. In addition, the climate variations would become more extreme as well as the winds would become stronger.
Climate change for Norway would also mean longer and more complex growth period for the crops, and more extreme conditions for mainting the infrastructure. 40% of the electricity cuts in Norwey are caused by thunderstorms, the latter becoming more frequent.
Climate change adaptation policy was adopted by the Norwegian Parliament in 2013.
In addition to Tor Håkon Inderberg who elaborated upon the effects of climate change and vulnerability in Norway, the climate change adaptation policies in Norway, the Swedish and Norwegian electricity production adaptation experiences within network operators, Trude Rauken (senior research fellow at Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo) was invited to discuss about local level climate change adaptation management, Sirkku Juhola (urban environmental policies professor at University of Helsinki) analysed the EU climate change framework, differences between Swedish and Norwegian adaptation policies, climate change adaptation within various institutes, as well as examples of adaptation measures taken in urban planning in Helsinki. Knut Bjørn Stokke, professor within the department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning from the Norwegian University of Life Sciences talked about adaptation measures in urban planning in Norwey.
The responsibilities and opportunities in terms of climate change adaptation in Estonia were brought up by Valdur Lahtvee, project manager from Stockholm Environment Institute.
The training took place in the frames of European Economic Area Financial Mechanisms Programme 2009-2014 "Integrated Marine and Inland Water Management" with the support of pre-defined project "Proposal of Estonian National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan" one part of this which was introduce the Norwegian climate change adaptation experiences. Norway is one of the few countries where climate change adaptation measures are implemented on a daily basis, both on national as well as local government levels and within business sectors, and where the public is well informed about the effects of climate change.