The first interim report analysed the climate change adaptation measures already implemented at the sectors selected
From the first interim project report which was completed in April, it can be concluded that the infrastructure and energy sectors in Estonia, have been quite well established in line with the local climate conditions. The Estonian energy production and infrastructure functions properly in highly variable weather conditions daily and between seasons. The infrastructure is trustworthy and consumers are provided with energy without failure when it is 35oC, -40oC, during drought and heavy rain. Also, the infrastructure functions properly during no wind or up to the highest wind speed recorded in Estonia, which was 45 m/s. Only in the case of extreme weather events (precipitation over 30 mm per hour or storm winds over 25 m/s) or in the co-occurrence of several negative weather conditions, some infrastructure related services have been disrupted for a shorter or longer period of time.
It can be stated that the sectors most affected by the climate change, have been the ones most active in applying climate change adaptation measures. The most vulnerable component of infrastructure is the electricity grid. Most electricity lines run across open landscape such as through forests, so electricity lines are often damaged by trees falling on them due to strong winds. Power shortages have an important effect on the availability of all vital services.
Electric power companies are the ones who have implemented the most measures to cope with risks caused by climate factors and to eliminate power shortages. Providing undisturbed and continuous power to consumers is highly regulated in Estonia.
In the first interim report, the effects of climate change, problems and threats related to it in Estonia were discussed, yet also the already implemented climate change adaptation methods were analysed. The two key sectors of ENFRA project have been divided into 8 categories which in turn make up to 26 subcategories in total.
The second interim report will analyse the expected effects of climate change on divided categories during the period of 2015-2100 according to internationally recognized climate scenario RCP 8.5. The second interim report will be finalised by the end of May.